音樂家名錄
高約拿 GAO Yue-Na 作曲家 返回

高約拿(1917-1948),音樂教育家、作曲家。生於高雄縣阿蓮鄉農村基督教家庭。中學時期自學口琴,常受邀到廣播電臺演奏。1935年,參加震災義捐音樂會的巡迴演出。1940年赴日留學,1945年畢業於日本神學校(今東京神學大學)及東京音樂學校(今東京藝術大學)選科。1946年返臺,應聘於臺灣省立臺北第一女子中學(今臺北市立第一女子高級中學)任教,是該校戰後第一位音樂教師,亦主持廣播節目、指導雙連基督長老教會聖歌隊。高約拿是以西洋作曲手法寫有管弦樂的臺灣作曲家先驅之一,作品包括風琴曲《祈禱》(1944)與第一號交響詩《夏天鄉村的黃昏》(1947),1948年因積勞舊疾復發,以32歲英年早逝,徒留未完成的交響曲《臺灣》,交聲曲(清唱劇)《追念死難軍民並祈求和平》等較大規模創作之部分手稿。

GAO Yue-Na was born in 1917 into a Christian family in the countryside of Alian District, Kaohsiung City. In 1941 or 1942 he went to study in Japan, and in 1945 he graduated from Nihon Theological College and the elective courses of the Tokyo School of Music. In 1946, after WWII, he returned to Taiwan and was hired to teach at Taipei First Girls’ High School. He was the school’s first music teacher after the war. In addition to composing, he was also swamped by the tasks of teaching, hosting radio shows, directing Suang Lien Presbyterian Church choir, and hand copying scores. He eventually became ill from overwork, and in 1948 he passed away at the age of only thirty-two years old. GAO was one of the very first Taiwanese composers to compose orchestral music using Western compositional techniques. There is only one complete orchestral work in his output: Symphonic Poem No. 1, The Summer Evening in the Countryside. The rest of his large-scale compositions, such as Symphony No.1, Taiwan and Symphony (Cantata), Remembering the Suffering Compatriots and Praying for Peace, are uncompleted.