音樂家名錄
張錦鴻 ZHANG Jin-Hong 音樂理論家、音樂教育家、作曲家 返回

張錦鴻(1907-2002),音樂教育家。出生於江蘇高郵,1921年就讀南京市江蘇省立第四師範學校,開始接觸西方音樂,修習各類音樂課程,1929年考進南京國立中央大學教育學院藝術系,主修作曲。1949年底臺,被委以推行改革教育制度之責。張錦鴻受託初創音樂教育制度,並協助呂泉生共同編輯審查臺灣省教育會發行《新選歌謠》月刊,對於戰後初期的歌樂推廣,意義重大。重要著作有音樂教育專論《怎樣教音樂》及《基礎樂理》,其為各音樂科系所沿用的教材,也是許多音樂科系考試的範本;音樂創作方面以聲樂曲為主,〈中華進行曲〉、〈陽關三疊〉等。2002年逝世於美國,張錦鴻奉獻一生於音樂教育,所撰寫的理論專書思維脈絡井然有序,可謂臺灣音樂理論書籍的典範。

ZHANG Jin-Hong was born in Gaoyou, Jiangsu in 1907. He studied Western music, piano, music theory, and choral music during his studies in the 1920s at a teacher’s college in Jiangsu Province, China. He was a composition major in the Art Department of National Central University’s College of Education in Nanjing from 1929 to 1933. He came to Taiwan with the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) in 1949. His important writings on music education include “How to Teach Music” and his “Basic Music Theory” is still used in schools throughout Taiwan and also used in many standard tests in Taiwan’s music schools and music departments. Zhang’s musical compositions mostly consist of vocal pieces, such as “Song of China Youth Anti-Communist National Salvation Corps,” “Chinese March” and “Three Variations of Yangguan.” He passed away in the US in 2002.