音樂家名錄
張月娥 CHANG Yueh-E 歌仔戲專家、音樂教育家 返回

張月娥(1927-2020),歌仔戲專家、音樂教育家。出生於臺北州基隆郡(今新北市瑞芳區)。從小喜愛音樂,1940年就讀臺北州立蘭陽高等女學校(今蘭陽女中),跟隨音樂科老師織田永生學習,影響一生。畢業後初任教於礁溪國民學校(今礁溪國小),1950年代成立鼓笛隊。1968年於任教的礁溪中學成立國樂團,比賽屢獲全縣、全省佳績。退休後,參加歌仔戲研習會,深入了解宜蘭本地歌仔的曲調,堅定她從事研究的決心。1986年,專文〈本地歌仔音樂之調查與探討〉,被視為本地歌仔的重要之作;《陳旺欉生命紀實》等書,曲譜均為張月娥所紀錄。1996年獲第三屆噶瑪蘭獎,2017年獲宜蘭文化獎,是唯一同時獲得宜蘭兩大重要獎項之女性。2020年辭世,獲頒總統「褒揚令」,以宜蘭「國樂之母」稱之,表彰她落實藝術扎根的卓越貢獻。

CHANG Yueh-E (1927-2020) is a specialist in Taiwanese Opera and a music educationist. She was born in Zuihou Township at Kiirun County of Taihoku Prefecture (now known as Ruifang District of New Taipei City) as a music lover since a very young age. She was admitted to Taihoku Prefectural Ranyou Girls' High School (now known as National Lan-Yang Girls' Senior High School) in 1940 and learned music from her teacher Oda, whose teaching influenced her music career for the rest of her life. After graduating from high school, she first taught in Shoukei National School (now known as Jiaoxi Elementary School) and formed a marching band there in the 1950s. In 1968, when she was teaching in Jiaoxi Junior High School, she founded a Chinese Orchestra there, which later became a constant winner in regional and national music contests. As she retired and attended workshops on Taiwanese Opera to broaden her knowledge of Pún-tē Kua-á (aka Local Taiwanese Opera, the most ancient form of Taiwanese Opera) in Yilan, she made up her mind to go further in its research. Her essay “Research and Exploration on the Music of Pún-tē Kua-á is regarded as a significant work on the studies of Pún-tē Kua-á, while her transcriptions of the ancient tunes of Pún-tē Kua-á were also recorded in books on Taiwanese Opera such as Chen Wang-Tsung: A Theatrical Life. She won the 3rd Kavalan Award in 1996 and Yilan Culture Award in 2017, thus becoming the only female winner of both these 2 major awards in Yilan. Honored as “The Mother of Chinese Music” in Yilan, Chang Yueh-E passed away in 2020 and was awarded a posthumous presidential citation for her lifelong contributions to the traditional performance arts in Yilan.