HSU Shih was a folk song writer active in the post-war period. His representative works include “Anping Melody,” “Night in the City of Tainan,” “When the Gong Sounds,” and “Street Light at the Midnight.” During the Japanese colonization, HSU traveled to Japan and studied at Japanese Song Conservatory in Tokyo under Nosho Omura and Yasuaki Yoshita. Impacted by the two masters, HSU determined to seek for the music with Taiwanese identity. After returning to homeland, HSU spent decades doing fieldwork, collecting Taiwanese folk music and indigenous music in the remote mountain areas. He composed “Symphonic Folk Songs of Taiwan,” grounded on Taiwanese folk songs. He also elaborated his compositional thoughts and process in the manuscripts of “Notes on the Collection of Folk Songs.” From the folk songs with lyrics to his symphonies applying only the folk melodies, HSU showed his gradually-transforming process of how to promote Taiwanese folk music. HSU, furthermore, arranged folk songs for the modern orchestra, organized orchestral and choral concert tour, and made commercial recordings for the purpose to publicize folk songs. HSU, indeed, was the leading figure in the record industry and of promoting Taiwanese folk songs during the post-war era.