音樂家名錄
古禮達 GU Li-Da 客家音樂家 返回

古禮達(1920-2013),客家戲、四平戲演員。出生於桃園龍潭。11歲入中壢四平戲童伶班小榮鳳小班,從四平戲名師杏心旦學四平戲,從三官先、孫新燈學外江戲。戰後長期搭演金興社、小美園、小月娥、新月娥等客家戲班,並曾長期擔任留臺京劇演員趙福奎演關公戲之馬僮,並習得多齣外江戲和關公戲。古禮達活躍於客家戲界長達六十年,四平戲、外江戲、客家戲兼擅,後以擅演花臉戲、關公戲聞名於戲界。1990年代曾協助桃園縣立文化中心及國立傳藝中心籌備處相關之四平戲保存計畫,錄製多齣四平戲代表劇目,並於1993年獲得客家戲劇比賽最佳淨角獎。有《古禮達與莊玉英的演藝人生》一書,以及四平戲《五虎平西》、《西岐山》、外江戲《過五關》、扮仙戲《酒仙》、《大仙》等錄音CD傳世。

GU Li-Da was born in Taoyuan in 1920. He is the oldest and most notable performer of Siping opera still alive in Taiwan. Gu joined the Xiao Mei Yuan Troupe and was in charge of playing the Guan Yu role. Being exceptionally business-minded and having mastered every aspect of traditional opera, Gu was peerless in his brilliance and made a name for Xiao Mei Yuan’s Guan Yu role. Being active in northern Taiwan’s Siping opera and Hakka opera circles for so long, Gu was invited to participate in Taoyuan County’s Bureau of Culture project for the preservation of Siping opera, recording a vast collection of the Siping operatic repertoire. In 1993, Gu won the “Best Jing Jiao Award.”