音樂家名錄
陳達 CHEN Da 福佬民歌手、說唱藝人 返回

陳達(1906-1981),福佬民歌手、說唱藝人。出生於屏東恆春廳德和里大樹房庄。具有四分之一原住民血統的陳達,透過傳承學會演唱平埔族歌曲,並從哥哥及其他演唱者的身上,學習到恆春民謠的曲調以及即興對答式的演唱方式,而他也以這些曲調來編詞,其演唱內容包括長篇敘事之新聞事件,以及民間傳說故事等,成為走唱藝人,並以此謀生。1949年,許石與文夏到恆春尋找到會唱〈思想起〉的陳達。1967年,史惟亮、許常惠發起民歌採集,於恆春聆聽到「紅目達仔」如吟似唱的演唱方式獨具一格,1971年為其出版唱片《民族樂手 — 陳達和他的歌》;1978年,應雲門舞集邀請,以月琴為舞劇《薪傳》伴唱〈思想起〉,留下他個人最精采豐富的長篇敘事詩。陳達以他滄桑的歌聲、樸質的詞句,為說唱藝術留下典範。

CHEN Da was born in Hengchun, Pingtung in 1906. He was one-fourth aboriginal. He learned traditional songs of the Hengchun region from his older brother and other local musicians. He was good at arranging lyrics. He sang long, narrative-style songs and also shorter improvised songs, including songs about gratitude and love, as well as songs of encouragement. He also used free open-form rhythms and tempos, singing in a chanting, almost recitative style. He has been given the epithets, “the self-made bard” and “the gem of Taiwan folk music.” Chen died in 1981.