音樂家名錄
陳慶松 CHEN Qing-Song 客家音樂家 返回

陳慶松(1915-1984),客家音樂家。出生於苗栗。從小隨父親學吹奏嗩吶,又習胡琴、打擊、北管戲曲及九腔十八調唱腔。1926年,學習黑頭道士、道場音樂吹奏,並進入苗栗知名的新樂軒習藝,技巧加倍熟練。1934年,正式拜黃鼎房為師,學習所有八音音樂、佛教音樂以及嗩吶。爾後組陳家班八音團傳授門生演出,足跡遍及新竹、苗栗、高雄等。1959年,與妻鄭美妹(採茶美)共組慶美園採茶班,在苗栗縣各地傳授北管團,以能同時吹奏四把嗩吶著稱。陳慶松除了傳承客家八音傳統曲目外,也創作改編音樂,並吸收北管曲目、外江戲,亦喜將廣東音樂的揚琴加入其中,增加樂隊整體共鳴效果。他培育出許多學子如郭鑫桂、鄭榮興等。一生鑽研客家八音,為客家音樂最重要人物之一;1987年陳家八音團獲民族藝術薪傳獎。

CHEN Qing-Song was born in Miaoli in 1915. His father taught him how to play the suona (a Han Chinese shawm) as a child. He also learned how to play erhu, Chinese percussion, beiguan opera music and the various singing styles of Hakka folk songs. Chen eventually established his own Hakka bayin ensemble, training pupils and holding performances, touring Hsinchu, Miaoli, Kaohsiung, Pingtung and Hualien counties. In 1959, he formed the Qing Mei Ensemble, a tea-picking Hakka opera troupe, and started teaching beiguan classes in Miaoli County. Known for being able to play four suona at the same time, Chen was a master musician to an entire generation of Hakka musicians. He was awarded the Chinese Arts Award. Chen died in 1984.