HSU Tsang-Houei (XU Chang-Hui) was born in Hemei, Changhua in 1929. He went to Japan at the age of 10 and studied violin with Shouta Saburo, which was the beginning of his exposure to Western classical music. After returning to Taiwan, Hsu studied violin with Dai Cui-Lun, and music theory and composition with Xiao Er-Hua and Zhang Jin-Hong. He went to France in 1954 to further his studies. Xia Ye and Yue Li both had a major impact on Hsu’s life, and he started researching Chinese music history because of them. Hsu is often called “the Godfather of Taiwanese music.” He was a vanguard of modern music in Taiwan and also one of the leading proponents of ethnomusicological fieldwork. Hsu is considered to be one of Taiwan’s most influential musicians. He died in Taipei in 2001.