音樂家名錄
劉德義 LIU Te-Yi 作曲家 返回

劉德義(1929-1991),字宜之,合唱指揮、樂評家、作曲家、音樂教育家。出生於河北省涿縣,1991年逝世於臺北。青少年時常觀賞各種戲曲演出,小學時即參加合唱隊伴奏。就讀北平師範學校時隨鋼琴家老志誠學習鋼琴,畢業後,1948 年考取臺灣省政府教育廳國語推行委員,應聘來臺,先後任教於臺北縣樹林國小及臺北市國語實驗小學。1951年入臺灣省立師範學院音樂系,畢業後任教於師大附中並撰寫音樂評論。1960年留學德國習作曲,先至雷根斯堡聖樂院,二年後轉慕尼黑音樂院 (Hochschule für Musik in München),兩校他都取得作曲文憑。返國後投入音樂教育工作,主要任職於中央廣播電台,指導與指揮中央合唱團,並於大專院校教授理論作曲、編譯教科書;1980年起,受聘臺灣師範大學音樂系專任。其音樂創作主要在歌樂,有宗教音樂、藝術歌曲、愛國歌曲、兒童歌曲、民謠改編曲等。重要作品有《中華彌撒》、鋼琴曲《中華組曲》。

LIU, Te-Yi (1929-1991) was choir conductor, music critic, composer and music educator. He was born in Hebei, China and died in Taipei. From an early age, he was exposed to a variety of dramatic performances, and helped to accompany choirs in elementary school. While studying at Peiking Teachers’ College, Liu also took piano lessons from Lao Zhicheng. After graduating in 1948, Liu moved to Taiwan to work at the National Language Promotion Committee of the Taiwan Government Education Department. He also taught at Shu-Lin Primary School in New Taipei City and Taipei Mandarin Experimental Elementary School. In 1951, he studied at the Music department of Taiwan Provincial Teachers’ College (the present-day National Taiwan Normal University. After graduation, Liu taught at the Affiliated High School of National Taiwan Normal University and worked as a music critic. In 1960, he studied composition first at the Hochschule für Katholische Kirchenmusik und Musikpädagogik Regensburg (HfKM) in Germany and two years later at the Hochschule für Musik in Munich, obtaining diplomas in composition at both schools. After returning to Taiwan, Liu devoted himself to music education and worked at the Central Radio Station, directed and conducted the Central Choir, and taught theory and composition at universities and colleges, as well as compiling textbooks. In 1980, he became a full-time faculty member at the Department of Music of National Taiwan Normal University. Liu’s works are mostly songs, including sacred music, art songs, patriotic songs, children's songs and arrangement of folk songs. His key works include Chinese Mass and Chinese Suite for solo piano.